16 Facts About King David's Bible (2023)

King David was a shepherd boy who became the third and most important king of Israel. He is the most named person in theHigh Testament, and the second most frequently mentioned human being in the entire Bible (only Jesus Christ is mentioned more often).

David is the main character ofBooks of the Old Testament 1 Samuel,2 Samuel,1 chronicles, She2 chronicles. It's also mentioned in several other books, and almost half of themPsalmsare assigned to her. Today, David is best known for being the boy who defeated a giant with a slingshot. In fact, the famous "David and Goliath" tale has been so prolific in literature, art, and culture that it has become a common trope for describing other stories about the underdog.But what makes David such an important biblical figure is his role in establishing God's earthly headquarters in Jerusalem.

Despite his obvious flaws, David is presented as a man after God's own heart (1 Samuel 13:14, Acts 13:22). David was far from perfect, but his faith and zeal made him the standard by which all future kings of Israel would be measured.

So whoErasKing David? What do we know about him? In this guide, we cover the basic facts about who he is and what the Bible says about him.

Who Was King David?

The Bible gives us a lot of information about King David. You could practically write your biography between 1 Samuel, 2 Samuel, Psalms and 1 Chronicles! (Don't worry, it's been done. Many times.)

Here are some of the things we know about David.

1. David was from the tribe of Judah

Him12 tribes of Israeldescended from the 12 sons of Jacob, and with the exception of Levi, each tribe controlled a specific area within the nation of Israel. Judah was the son who "overcame his brethren" (1 Chronicles 5:2), and while Saul, the first king of Israel, was of the tribe of Benjamin, Judah became the tribe of kings.

The territory of Judah included the city of Jerusalem. When David became king, he established Jerusalem as the nation's capital and God's headquarters, permanently transforming Judah's importance in Jewish life and culture. David's line ruled in Jerusalem for about 400 years untilKing NebuchadnezzarHe conquered the city and broke through the line of kings.

2. David was the great-grandson of Ruth and Boaz

HimBook of RuthIt's a story of love and redemption. He uses the relationships between a man named Boaz, a woman named Ruth, and her mother-in-law Naomi to paint a picture of God's compassion for Israel.

David is a direct descendant of Ruth and Boaz. Several passages record his lineage, all indicating that he was the son of Issai, who was the son of Obed, who was the son of Boaz and Ruth, making him the great-grandson of that important couple (1 Chronicles 2:12 ). ).

Salvation ran in the family. Throughout his life, David was often the vehicle God used to show compassion and redeem His people. After his death, he became a symbol of God's unique relationship with Israel and the redemption to come.

3. David was the youngest of seven children (or had seven brothers)

When the work of creation was finished, God rested on the seventh day and sanctified it (Genesis 2:3). As a result, the number seven represents the pinnacle and perfection in all facets of ancient Jewish culture. We see this at the Feast of Tabernacles, which took place for seven days in the seventh month. The jubilee year, which included the cancellation of debts and the return of properties to their original owners, came after seven seven-year cycles.

Himbiblical authorsthey present slightly different accounts of David's immediate family: He was the seventh or eighth son of Jesse (1 Chronicles 2:13-14, 1 Samuel 16:10-11). Scholars debate whether this constitutes a contradiction or whether one of David's brothers was simply left out, but that's not the point. David was not the firstborn son - a privileged position in Judaism - and the authors intended to work on the number seven and relate David to holiness and God's perfect plan for his people.

4. David was from Bethlehem

Today most people associate the small town of Bethlehem with the birth of Jesus. But centuries before Jesus, another Savior came from this humble city. HimThe Gospel of LukeBethlehem is referred to as “the city of David” (Luke 2:4) because it was known that this was David's former territory and it was there that Samuel anointed him king of God's people.

While modern readers tend to focus on the birth of Jesus in a manger, it is important to consider the implications that this manger was in Bethlehem, a city that the Jewish people associated with one of the greatest announcements in their history has brought where its most important was King had his humble beginnings.

(Video) 5 Things You Didn't Know About King David (Biblical Stories Explained)

5. David was God's "Anointed One"

Most people have heard that Jesus was described as the Messiah. But he wasn't the only one to hold that title. In the Bible, “anointed” and “messiah” are synonymous. God's Anointed was the person He chose to lead and save His people. When the Israelites wanted a human kingA prophet, Samuel, anointed Saul to show that God had set him apart for this special role:

“Samuel took a vial of oil and poured it on Saul's head and kissed him and said, 'Has not the Lord anointed you prince over his inheritance?' —1 Samuel 10:1

Years later, when Saul disobeyed God, God rejected him as king (1 Samuel 15:26). And it was time for God to choose someone else. So he sent Samuel to Jesse of Bethlehem and told him, "I have chosen one of your sons to be king" (1 Samuel 16:1).

Samuel thought he would know who God had chosen by his looks and assumed that the eldest, Eliab, was clearly the chosen one:

"When they arrived, Samuel saw Eliab and thought, 'Verily the Lord's anointed is here before the Lord'." – 1 Samuel 16:6

But God told Samuel that He does not use the same factors as the people when choosing kings:

"Don't look at his looks or his size because I dropped him. The Lord doesn't look at the things that people look at. Men look at the outward appearance, but the Lord looks at the heart.” – 1 Samuel 16:7

Earlier, Samuel prophesied to Saul: “The Lord sought a man after his own heart, and made him prince over his people, because thou hast not kept the commandment of the Lord” (1 Samuel 13:14). And when Samuel saw the youngest son of the shepherd Jesse, David, the Lord said: “Arise and anoint him; It is that."

Samuel's anointing of David did not make him king immediately, but it indicated that he was the Lord's chosen one, and "from that day forth the Spirit of the Lord came with power upon David" (1 Samuel 16:13). . . ).

6. David was a shepherd

Before becoming king, David was a shepherd. Therefore, he was not with his brothers when Samuel came to anoint the next king (1 Samuel 16:11). And when the Philistines (and Goliath) invaded, David was torn between his duties as Saul's musician and his duty to care for his father's sheep (1 Samuel 17:15).

As a shepherd, David not only fed and led his father's sheep. While being a pastor may seem like an inconsequential position, it was nonetheless dangerous.David killed bears and lions to defend his father's sheep.In fact, David cites his experience as a shepherd to convince Saul that he can defeat Goliath:

"Your servant tended his father's sheep. If a lion or a bear came and took a sheep from the flock, I would chase it, hit it and take the sheep out of its mouth. When he turned to me, I grabbed his hair and beat him to death. Your servant killed the lion and the bear; this uncircumcised Philistine will be like one of them, defying the hosts of the living God. The Lord, who rescued me from the claws of the lion and the claws of the bear, will rescue me from the hand of this Philistine.”—1 Samuel 17:34–37

In his confrontation with Goliath, David would be carefulvon Jehovahflock - the people of Israel - and once again defends "his father's sheep" from harm. This time the Lord would rescue him from an enemy who was terrorizing Saul and his entire army (1 Samuel 17:11).

David later used his experience as a shepherd to create one of the most powerful depictions of God's relationship with his people, anticipating the "good shepherd" Jesus (John 10:11):

“The Lord is my shepherd, I lack nothing.

On green pastures he lets me rest,

He leads me to still waters

he refreshes my soul.

He leads me on the right paths

because of his name.

although I walk

through the darkest valley

(Video) 10 Facts About King David

I will fear no evil

because you are with me;

your rod and your staff,

I consult.

They prepare a table in front of me

in the presence of my enemies.

You anoint my head with oil;

my cup is overflowing

Surely your goodness and love will follow me

every day of my life

and I will dwell in the house of the Lord

forever" (Psalm 23:1-6).

7. David was a musician

Many years before Samuel anointed David and the Spirit of the Lord came upon him, Samuel anointed Saul and the Spirit of the Lord came upon Saul (1 Samuel 10:1-6). When David was anointed, the Spirit of the LordTo letSaul, and an evil spirit began to torment him (1 Samuel 16:14).

Saul's servants believed that a musician would help calm him whenever the spirit came to haunt him. And it turned out that David was a talented musician. So Saul brought him and one of his armor bearers.

“Every time the Spirit of God came upon Saul, David would take his lyre and play. Then relief would come to Saul; he would feel better and the evil spirit would leave him. – 1 Samuel 16:23

From then on, David's duties were divided between tending his father's sheep and playing music for the king.

8. David was a giant slayer

Perhaps David's greatest claim to fame was his legendary confrontation with the Philistine giant Goliath. The armies of the Israelites and the Philistines arrayed themselves on opposite hills, Goliath taunted the Israelites and challenged them to decide the battle with a duel: himself against one of them (1 Samuel 17:8-11).

Nobody wanted to accept the offer. But David came to the camp of Israel to play music for Saul and heard Goliath's mockery. He also heard the Israelites discuss what Saul would give to the person who defeated Goliath (1 Samuel 17:23-27).

Goliath didn't just mock the Israelites. He challenged God himself on God's own territory. Every day that Israel refused Goliath's challenge, they admitted that their god was no match for the gods of the Philistines. David would no longer allow this. After convincing Saul to let him challenge Goliath, David chose five stones and went to meet them.

Goliath abused and cursed him. And then David famously replied:

“You come against me with sword, javelin, and javelin, but I come against you in the name of the Lord Almighty, the God of the squadrons of Israel, whom you have defied. The Lord will deliver him into my hands today, and I will beat him and cut off his head. Today I will give the dead bodies of the Philistine army to the birds and wild beasts, and all the world will know that there is a God in Israel. All gathered here will know that the Lord does not save with sword or spear; for the battle is the Lord's, and he will deliver you all into our hands.

David killed Goliath with a single stone thrown from his slingshot. He beheaded Goliath and took his weapons as trophies.

(Video) 15 Interesting Facts You Need To Know About King David.

The story of David and Goliath has been told so many times in literature and art that David, Goliath and their confrontation have become clichéd symbols of the underdog, brutal antagonists and tales of overcoming impossible odds.

But in the Bible, this is not an underdog story. It's a faith story. David's faith would become one of his defining traits, leading him to defeat countless post-Goliath enemies.

9. David was a great warrior

Defeating Goliath marked the beginning of David's life as a warrior. Wherever Saul sent David, God went with him, and he prospered. And the more successful David became, the more responsibility Saul gave him:

“Whatever mission Saul sent him on, David was so successful that Saul gave him a high rank in the army. This pleased all the troops and also Saul's officers.” —1 Samuel 18:5

But then people started seeing David as greater than Saul. After the Israelites defeated the Philistines, the women danced and sang:

Saul slew his thousands

and David his ten thousand.”—1 Samuel 18:7

Understandably, this made Saul feel threatened by David. As David's fame as a warrior increased, Saul feared him more and more. This fear caused Saul to push away his greatest asset. He tried to kill David several times and became his constant enemy.

After Saul was killed in battle with the Philistines, David fought Saul's commander, Abner, and Saul's last son, Ish-bosheth, whom Abner had made king of Israel.

Eventually, David became king (more on that in a moment) and continued his legacy as a great warrior.

10. David was the greatest king of Israel

Though anointed to rule over God's people, David had a long and arduous road to kingship. Even after Saul was killed in battle, those loyal to him did not hand over the kingdom to David. Remember, Saul was also anointed. And David lived and fought for the Philistines, the sworn enemies of the Israelites.

When Saul died, the tribe of Judah anointed David as their king (2 Samuel 2:4), but Abner son of Ner, commander of Saul's army, made Ish-Bosheth son of Saul king over all Israel. So there were two kings and two kingdoms: Ish-Bosheth became the second king of Israel and David reigned in Judah.

Unfortunately for Is-boset, his reign was short-lived. And while he and Abner were at war with David all the time he was in power, Ish-bosheth was not slain at David's hand.

Both Ishbosheth and Abner were killed. Abner was killed in revenge, and David cursed his killers and mourned his death. Ish-Bosheth was killed by Israelites who appeared to be trying to flatter David. When they came to David with their "good news," he had them executed for their crime.

With Saul's family unaware, the elders of Israel met David and, at the age of 30, anointed him king over all Israel (2 Samuel 5:3-4).

During Saul's reign, Jerusalem was taken and the Ark of the Covenant was in Judah. When David became king, he recaptured the fortress of Zion (which became known as the City of David), captured Jerusalem, and returned the Ark to the city.

As king of Israel, David won countless battles and made Israel a formidable nation, expanding its territory and military power while pointing his people to God.

11. David committed adultery with Bathsheba

As his armies fought without him, David climbed onto the roof of his palace and saw a beautiful woman bathing. He sent someone to look for her and learned that she was married to Uriah the Hittite, one of his best soldiers (2 Samuel 23:39).

Well, that was hundreds of years before Jesus said that looking at a woman lustfully would commit adultery in the heart (Matthew 5:27-28), but by that time David was pretty clear that this was the caseNota relationship he might pursue. The Torah had a thing or two to say about adultery (Leviticus 18:20, Deuteronomy 5:18, Exodus 20:14), and it was punishable by death (Deuteronomy 22:22, Leviticus 20:14). (Moses 20:10).

David knew all this, but he sent for her, slept with her, and got her pregnant (2 Samuel 11:4-5). When David found out she was pregnant, he hatched a plan to hide his sin: Since her husband Uriah was away at war, David brought him home. No one could say whether Uriah slept with her.himHe was the one who got her pregnant.

But that's not how it worked. After David's repeated attempts to get Uriah to spend time with his wife, Uriah said to him:

"The Ark, Israel, and Judah are camping in tents, and Joab my general and my lord's men are camping in the field. How could I go home, eat and drink and sleep with my wife? As you live, I will not do such a thing!"—2 Samuel 11:11

(Video) The Complete Story of David: King of Israel

To hide his sin, David committed another.

12. David conspired to kill Uriah

David killed many people in battle. He killed many prisoners.afterSlaughtered and executed many criminals. But one murder in particular "displeased the Lord" (2 Samuel 11:27). When David failed to get Uriah to sleep with his wife Bathsheba (and thereby hide David's adultery), he plotted to kill Uriah in battle.

“In the morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it through Uriah. In it he wrote: “Put Uriah forward where the fighting is fiercest. Then back away from him so he will be knocked down and die.”

While Joab was besieging the city, he put Uriah in a place where he knew the strongest defenders were. When the men of the city went out and fought against Joab, some of David's army fell; besides, Uriah the Hittite died.”—2 Samuel 11:14-17

In order for Uriah to be killed in battle, Joab had to sacrifice some of David's other men, and Joab feared that David would be angry at the destruction (2 Samuel 11:20). But David was completely indifferent. He said to Joab's messengers:

“Say to Joab: Do not worry; the sword devours one like the other. Attack the city and destroy it.' Say that to encourage Joab. —2 Samuel 11:25

The lives of God's people were simply collateral damage in David's efforts to cover up his sin.

After Uriah died and Bathsheba had time to mourn him, David married her and she gave birth to a son.

Later, the prophet Nathan rebuked David for his sin. Nathan told a story about a rich man who stole a poor man's precious lamb. David condemned the man in the story, unaware that it was a metaphor for what he did to Uriah with Bathsheba (2 Samuel 12:1-10). Nathan told David that "the Lord took away his sin" (2 Samuel 12:13), but he also cursed him, and the son born of David's adultery died.

David committed a serious sin. But after meeting Nathan, David wrote Psalm 51, which reflects his humility and genuine regret for what he had done.

13. David was a man after God's own heart

Before David was anointed, the prophet Samuel rebuked Saul and warned him: "The Lord has sought a man after his own heart" (1 Samuel 13:14). David is the only person mentioned in this way in the Bible. But the Bible does not tell us specifically what Samuel meant by that. It is possible that he simply meant that David cared about the things God cared about. It is also possible that we can learn something about God's character from David's character.

In Acts 13:22 Paul seems to give an explanation:

“After removing Saul, he made David his king. God testified of him: “I have found David the son of Jesse a man after my own heart; he will do what I want him to do.

It seems that Samuel called David "a man after God's own heart" because of his obedience. But it's also worth noting: God forbade David to build his temple because he had shed blood (1 Chronicles 28:3). So there seems to be a discrepancy between David and the heart of God.

Fun Fact:The passage Paul quotes sounds different from the version of 1 Samuel 13:14 you are likely to find in your Bible. That's because Paul is quoting from an ancient Greek manuscript of the Old Testament known asSeventy, and most modern Bibles use the original Hebrew of theMasoretic textfor passages from the Old Testament.

14. David lived around 1000 BC.

The Bible does not specifically say when David lived, but many scholars believe he lived around 1000 B.C. A stone inscription known as the Tel Dan Stele dates to the late 9th or early 8th century BC. C. and refers to the "House of David". Another inscription from around 840 BC. C. (the stele of Moab) can also refer to David. Portions of 1 and 2 Samuel were written as early as the 7th and 6th centuries B.C. written. C., probably using earlier reports as sources.

15. David had (at least) eight wives

David had many wives and concubines. The Bible mentions eight wives, but it's possible he had more. They are:

  1. Ainoã von Jesreel
  2. Abigail (Life of Nabal del Carmelo)
  3. Maacha, daughter of Talmai, king of Geshur
  4. Challenge
  5. Abital
  6. Egla
  7. Michal (Saul's daughter)
  8. Bate-Seba

The Bible does not give a complete list of David's wives, but 2 Samuel 3:2-5 gives us the names of his children and six of his wives, and he marries Michal (1 Samuel 18:27) and Bath-Sheba (2 Samuel 11 :27) in other passages.

16. David wrote about half of the book of Psalms.

David was a talented musician. But he also used his God-given creativity as a songwriter. Throughout the Old Testament narrative, we see David writing laments and songs to commemorate important moments and to express deep emotions, such as the knowledge that Saul and Jonathan were dead (2 Samuel 1:19-27).

AfterMasoretic text(based on ancient Jewish tradition) David wrote 73 psalms out of a total of 150. HimSeventy(a great ancient translation of the Old Testament) and theLatin Vulgate(a fourth-century Latin translation of the Bible) add additional psalms, bringing the number attributed to David closer to 85.

Although it is often (wrongly) assumed that the Psalmsthe largest book in the bible, David did not writethemuch of the Bible compared to authors likemoises, Esra,Lukas, Jeremiah uPablo.each of them wroteat least 32,000 words, and the entire book of Psalms is only 30,000!

Here are the 73 Psalms attributed to David according to Jewish (and Protestant) tradition:

(Video) David the Priestly King

Salmo 3Salmo 4Salmo 5Salmo 6Salmo 7Salmo 8Salmo 9
Salmo 11Salmo 12Salmo 13Salmo 14Salmo 15Salmo 16Salmo 17
Salmo 18Salmo 19Salmo 20Salmo 21Salmo 22Salmo 23Salmo 24
Salmo 25Salmo 26Salmo 27Salmo 28Salmo 29Salmo 30Salmo 31
Salmo 32Salmo 33Salmo 34Salmo 35Salmo 36Salmo 37Salmo 38
Salmo 39Salmo 40Salmo 41Salmo 51Salmo 52Salmo 53Salmo 54
Salmo 55Salmo 56Salmo 57Salmo 58Salmo 59Salmo 60Salmo 61
Salmo 62Salmo 63Salmo 64Salmo 65Salmo 68Salmo 69Salmo 70
Salmo 86Salmo 101Salmo 103Salmo 108Salmo 109Salmo 110Salmo 122
Salmo 124Salmo 131Salmo 133Salmo 138Salmo 139Salmo 140Salmo 141
Salmo 142Salmo 143Salmo 144Salmo 145

Most of the psalms David wrote are lamentations, giving us intimate portraits of his darkest moments. But David also wrote psalms of praise and thanksgiving, often expressing his trust in the Lord despite his circumstances.

an imperfect messiah

It is fitting that David is such a prominent figure in the Old Testament. For as an imperfect man, anointed by God to save and rule His people, David lays the foundation for Jesus Christ, the only sinless man God would use to save and rule all mankind.


What are some facts about King David in the Bible? ›

David, (flourished c. 1000 bce), second ruler of the united kingdom of ancient Israel and Judah. He founded the Judaean dynasty and united all the tribes of Israel under a single monarch. His son Solomon expanded the empire that David built. David is an important figure in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

What are some facts about King David for kids? ›

Jewish and Christian traditions identify David as the author of most of the Psalms. David was the youngest son of Jesse, a man of Bethlehem. While young, David watched his father's sheep. The biblical book I Samuel contains varying accounts of how David entered the service of Saul, the first king of Israel and Judah.

What can we learn from David in the Bible? ›

David was patient along the way and allowed God to promote him. If we are faithful in little things, we will be entrusted with greater responsibilities. David proved faithful in caring for his father's sheep before being called to shepherd God's flock (1 Sam 16:11; 17:34-35; Ps 78:70-72). Spiritual growth takes time.

What made David such a great king? ›

His greatness was due to a combination of factors, namely: providence, courage, divine anointing, his leadership skills, his exploits as a warrior, his psalms that re-echoes humanities emotional struggles, his unparalleled quest for God and his statesmanship as a king.

What is God's promise to David? ›

“When thy days are fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, that shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom.

How old was David when God called him to be king? ›

'" When all the elders of Israel had come to King David at Hebron, the king made a compact with them at Hebron before the LORD, and they anointed David king over Israel. David was thirty years old when he became king, and he reigned forty years.

What were the two major sins committed by David Select? ›

The price of David's sin of murder and adultery was high. He spent the rest of his life regretting it. In one psalm he expressed his mental torment and pleaded for forgiveness.

What is David's most famous psalm? ›

Psalm 23
Other name"Dominus reget me"
Writtenaround 1000 BC
Textattributed to King David
LanguageHebrew (original)
2 more rows

What is David's weakness as a leader? ›

David had grown as a leader to be patient. He grew in his personal relationship with God to wait upon the Lord. One of David's temperaments greatest weaknesses is in the area of thought life (Personal Temperament Test: Profile, 2008). This can be seen in the situation with Bathsheba in 2 Samuel 11.

What character best describes David? ›

He is humble yet self-possessed, readily dismissing human opinion. His humility becomes clear early in his youth, when he kills the giant Goliath with a sling stone, declining the opportunity to use Saul's royal armor. As king, his foremost quality is obedience to God.

How many wives did David have? ›

David דָּוִד‎
Consort8 wives: Michal Ahinoam Abigail Maachah Haggith Abital Eglah Bathsheba
Issue18+ children, including: Amnon Chileab Absalom Adonijah Shephatiah Ithream Shammua Shobab Nathan Solomon Ibhar Elishua Nepheg Jerimoth Japhia Elishama Eliada Eliphalet Tamar
HouseHouse of David
9 more rows

What does David's life teach us? ›

Stay Close to the Spirit

One of the central lessons for us from the story of David and Bathsheba is the importance of the Holy Ghost and its role in helping us make good choices.

What do the 5 stones of David represent? ›

The five smooth stones represent preparation time David had with God learning to listen, trust, obey and cooperate in faith action. I think the five smooth stones represent the holy habits that God asks us to develop for life's battles and to strengthen and encourage one another.

What did King David want to do for God? ›

The “house” David wanted to build for the Lord was a temple. The “house” the Lord promised to build David was a posterity—especially a posterity of rulers. Although David was not permitted to build the temple (see activity A below), the Lord did build the house He promised to David.

How did David know God? ›

David truly knew God because he knew God's Word. God's natural revelation can condemn us, but it cannot lead us to truly know God like David did. Only God's Word can do that. When David faced Goliath, he did so because he knew God's Word.

Why David is a hero in the Bible? ›

He saves his tribe from dangers, and makes it famous and honoured throughout the land, through his heroice exploits. At the same time, he has his own code of honour, which sometimes clashes with the code of conduct of the tribe. Interestingly, most heroes are also accomplished poets.

What are the three achievements of David as a king? ›

The achievements of David as king of Israel

David conquered / defeated the enemies of Israel. He expanded the geographical boundaries of Israel / established boundaries. ​He captured Jerusalem from the Jebusites. He made Jerusalem the capital city of Israel.

What are the powerful prayers of David? ›

Psalm 86 A prayer of David. Hear, O LORD, and answer me, for I am poor and needy. Guard my life, for I am devoted to you. You are my God; save your servant who trusts in you.

How long did David wait for the promise? ›

David waited some 15 years to become king of Israel. But they both had clear and specific promises from God about what would happen in their lives. For them, it was a matter of believing God's promise.

What are the 5 promises of God in the Bible? ›

Which Promises Are For Me? 5 Promises From God's Word
  • By Faith Alone… ...
  • The Promise of Salvation. ...
  • The Promise of Freedom from Sin's Grip. ...
  • The Promise of His Provision. ...
  • The Promise of Freedom from Fear. ...
  • Conclusion.

Who is the youngest king in the Bible? ›

Jehoash was 7 years old when his reign began, and he reigned for 40 years. (2 Kings 12:1, 2 Chronicles 24:1) He was succeeded by his son, Amaziah of Judah.

How many years was King David in Bible? ›

Born around 1000 BCE, David was the eighth son (and youngest) of Jesse, from the tribe of Judah. Like King Saul and King Solomon, David reigned for 40 years in one of the highest and most prosperous periods in Israel's history - called by many, “The Golden Age” of Israel.

Who was a king at age 8 in the Bible? ›

Josiah was the grandson of Manasseh, king of Judah, and ascended the throne at age eight after the assassination of his father, Amon, in 641.

What did God do to David after he sinned? ›

But when David sinned, God went after him. God disciplined him, and restored him.

Who told David that he had sinned? ›

“David said to Nathan, 'I have sinned against the Lord. ' And Nathan said to David, 'The Lord also has put away your sin; you shall not die'” (2 Sam. 12:13).

Who confronted King David about his sin? ›

Introduction. The prophet Nathan confronted King David about his adultery with Bathsheba and his arranging Uriah's death on the battlefield.

How many times did David pray? ›

The bible tells us that David had a vow of praise unto the Lord. Seven times a day he would praise the Lord, and three times a day he would pray.

How many songs did David write? ›

An ancient document found at Qumran in Palestine claims that David wrote over 4000 songs. Tradition attributes 73 of the 150 poems of the biblical book Psalms to him as well.

What did David praise God for? ›

In Psalms 4, 5, 6 and 9, David speaks to God for peace and safety; to defend us and heal us, to deliver us from times of trouble; to ask God for his justice and to praise him in song.

What was King David's flaw? ›

Before very long David's bravado, which served him well in the beginning, starts to cause problems for his administration: His own warmongering wearies him; his Hemingway-esque, alpha-male image causes problems for his children; his illicit affair with Bathsheba brings him both the rebuke of many Israelites and the ...

What was King David's calling? ›

1 Samuel 16–31: King David's Call to Lead Israel.

Who becomes jealous of David? ›

In 1 Samuel 19:19–22:23 we learn that Saul continued trying to kill David. He was so jealous of David that he killed some priests who had given David bread.

How did David behave wisely? ›

David behaved himself wisely by acting in humility and under authority. No position you occupy can compensate for the absence of God and His presence. Here is Saul, the king of Israel, but abandoned by God. In contrast, no banishment will suppress the man in whom God is working.

Who are David's 3 Mighty Warriors? ›

The Three are named Ishbaal the Tahkemonite ("thou will make me wise"), Eleazar ("God has helped") son of Dodo ("his beloved") the Ahohite ("brother of rest"), and Shammah son of Agee the Hararite.

Who is David's favorite wife? ›

Old Testament

Whether or not theirs is a classic love story, David and Bathsheba share a powerful bond, and Bathsheba has three more children with David. As David lies on his deathbed, a man ruined by family strife, one of his sons, Adonijah, has already claimed the throne.

How many children did David gave birth to? ›

Number. The number of sons mentioned by name in the Bible is 19. In addition, two further unnamed sons are recorded as having been born in Jerusalem, one, probably both, having died in infancy. One of these was the first child born of David's adulterous relationship with Bathsheba.

Did King David have a daughter? ›

Tamar, daughter of King David, is first introduced as the beautiful sister of Absalom (1 Samuel 13:1), the third son born to the king in Hebron; their mother Maacah was David's third wife, daughter of King Talmai of Geshur (2 Samuel 3:3, 1 Chronicles 3:2).

Which Bible verse talks about David? ›

Throughout his early life, David stayed close to the Lord. In all his military ventures, in the face of threats against his life, and despite numerous opportunities to slay Saul, David was true to his chosen cause. “And David behaved himself wisely in all his ways; and the Lord was with him” (1 Samuel 18:14).

How many Psalms did David write? ›

The book of Psalms in the Old Testament is our topic this week. Though there are 150 of them, it is known that David wrote 73, if not more. Although they cover a multitude of topics, they all were written in praise of God.

What did the king say to David before going to a fight? ›

Choose a man and have him come down to me. If he is able to fight and kill me, we will become your subjects; but if I overcome him and kill him, you will become our subjects and serve us." Then the Philistine said, "This day I defy the ranks of Israel! Give me a man and let us fight each other."

What is David's greatest prayer? ›

Psalm 86 A prayer of David. Hear, O LORD, and answer me, for I am poor and needy. Guard my life, for I am devoted to you. You are my God; save your servant who trusts in you.

How many wives did King David have? ›

David דָּוִד‎
Consort8 wives: Michal Ahinoam Abigail Maachah Haggith Abital Eglah Bathsheba
Issue18+ children, including: Amnon Chileab Absalom Adonijah Shephatiah Ithream Shammua Shobab Nathan Solomon Ibhar Elishua Nepheg Jerimoth Japhia Elishama Eliada Eliphalet Tamar
HouseHouse of David
9 more rows

How was David chosen by God? ›

God sent the Prophet Samuel to Bethlehem and guided him to David, a humble shepherd and talented musician. He brought the young man to Saul's court, where his harp was so soothing that Saul called for David whenever he was vexed by an “evil spirit” sent by God (I Samuel 9:16).

What did God call David? ›

The Bible calls David “a man after God's own heart” twice. The first time was by Samuel who anointed him as backslidden King Saul's successor, “But now your kingdom shall not continue. The Lord has sought for Himself a man after His own heart” (1 Sam. 13:14, NKJV).

What is the shortest book in the Bible? ›

Obadiah is one of the Twelve Minor Prophets in the final section of Nevi'im, the second main division of the Hebrew Bible. The text consists of a single chapter, divided into 21 verses, making it the shortest book in the Hebrew Bible.

What is the first psalm that is said to be written by David? ›

A Psalm of David. 1 The Lord is *my shepherd; I shall not want.

How long did it take David to write psalms? ›

The composition of the psalms spans at least five centuries, from psalm 29 to others clearly from the post-Exilic period (not earlier than the fifth century BC.)

What did King David have to sacrifice? ›

David built an altar to the LORD there and sacrificed burnt offerings and fellowship offerings. Then the LORD answered prayer in behalf of the land, and the plague on Israel was stopped.

Who trained David to fight? ›

David was a skillful musician whose time practicing the harp would allow him the opportunity of entering the court of King Saul and eventually ascending the throne. God perfected David's use of a slingshot, training his hands for war.


1. The City of David - Interesting Facts
(Bible History Online)
2. 【1 Samuel 16】From being unpopular to being a beloved king - David. |ACAD Bible Reading
(A Chapter A Day - Bible Reading)
3. King David: Shepherd - Part 1 of the Animated Bible Series
4. Discoveries That Confirm Parts of the Bible
5. David & Goliath: A Biblical Battle | Full Documentary | Biography
6. Ten of the Top Scientific Facts in the Bible
(Living Waters)


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